“For decades, we’ve known that polystyrene is terrible for wildlife because it doesn’t biodegrade -- hundreds of species have been found to ingest plastic fragments, often fatally,” said Alex Truelove, Zero Waste Director for U.S. PIRG Education Fund. For more information go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov. Break down. Proposition 65 requires businesses to determine if they must provide a warning about exposure to listed chemicals. Phrases like "limited evidence" and "reasonably anticipated" are strewn throughout the NTP's nine-page report. He faces a heightened risk of cancer because of his exposure to styrene, a chemical found in each of those products and in dozens of other consumer items, according to a U.S. government report. Styrene producers including LyondellBasell, one of the largest in North America, are now blasting the government's science as premature and inaccurate. Government scientists listed formaldehyde as a carcinogen and said styrene may cause cancer, but the main threat is to workers in manufacturing. Styrene is an industrial chemical used to produce a number of different products, 2006) and is supported by findings of increased cancer risks among subgroups of workers with higher levels of styrene exposure or longer times since first exposure (Kogevinas et al. All rights reserved. "But in the instance of styrene, you have what we believe is limited epidemiological evidence of association with human cancers.". Uninhibi ted styrene monomer is very unstable and even when inhibited, polymerization occurs slowly at roo m temperature and fast at elevated temperatures or in … WARNING. So much plastic waste has been created and thrown away that there are floating masses of plastic debris in the ocean twice the size of Texas. It is USE WITH ADEQUATE It’s yet another reason to get rid of the stuff once and for all.”, Earlier this week, our partner Environment America launched the Wildlife Over Waste Campaign to pass statewide bans on polystyrene containers. Last year nearly 9 billion pounds (4.1 billion kilograms) of styrene were made in the United States alone, according to the American Chemistry Council. The study concluded that occupational styrene exposure may be associated with Hodgkin lymphoma, myeloid leukemia, and cancer of nasal cavities and sinuses. Styrene: incident management. California has recently added Styrene to the Prop 65 list of chemicals. WARNING: Based on what we now know, you’re probably safe using styrene foam cups for cold drinks, but I wouldn’t use them for hot coffee or tea, and I would avoid using plastic containers for hot foods. Exposure to styrene may increase the risk of cancer. For more information go to: www.P65Warnings.ca.gov WARNING: This product can expose you to chemicals including styrene, which is known to the State of California Styrene can be found in air, soil, and water after release from the manufacture, use, and disposal of styrene-based products. California Residents only WARNING. California Proposition 65 (Prop 65) [1] is the “Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986’, a ballot initiative passed overwhelmingly by California citizens in 1986. The chemical industry has fought for years to keep styrene out of the “Report on Carcinogens,” which the National Toxicology Program compiles. Now, in addition to persisting in the environment for hundreds of years, we now know that the primary compound of polystyrene is probably carcinogenic. The essential guide to taking care of your mind and body. Limited evidence that styrene causes cancer Date: February 14, 2017 Source: Aarhus University Summary: In 2011, the styrene, a high volume … "Possibly carcinogenic and should be investigated more closely." For more information go to: www.p65warnings.ca.gov. Ref: PHE publications gateway number: 2014790 PDF, 288KB, 14 pages. They point to a decision last month by European Union health regulators, who said they did not believe styrene poses a cancer risk in humans. But they carry on with their lives anyway. [3] “Via several national registers, we have identified the relevant companies and their employees, before coupling this information with the Danish Cancer Register. "We've tried to make it clear that a listing in the report doesn't necessarily mean that encountering that substance in any minute quantity means you'll get cancer," said NTP Associate Director John Bucher. Styrene Listed Effective April 22, 2016 as Known to the State of California to Cause Cancer Apr 22, 2016 Effective April 22, 2016, the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) is adding styrene (CAS No. Join our network and stay up to date on our campaigns, get important consumer updates and take action on critical issues. In 2019, SIRC completed and published an updated comprehensive human health risk assessment as a capstone to our 30-year research program and to update the 2002 Harvard risk assessment. After years of debate and evidence collection, the World Health Organization (WHO) has just reclassified styrene from being a “possible carcinogen” to a “probable carcinogen.” Styrene is a chemical building block of polystyrene, the plastic material used to … Mitchell, 56, and his four employees wear ventilation masks and protective suits when working with styrene-based products. But aren't all chemicals?". He faces a heightened risk of cancer because of his exposure to styrene, a chemical found in each of those products and in dozens of other consumer items, according to a U.S. government report. What is styrene? Styrene is on the Proposition 65 list because it can cause cancer . This file may not be suitable for users of assistive technology. Click for Restrictions. For those who don't smoke or work on boats like Mitchell, the warning raises more questions than it answers about the safety of common consumer goods such as plastic utensils, toys and packaging. LyondellBasell Chief Executive Jim Gallogly went a step further. Part of HuffPost Wellness. Request an accessible format. "Styrene is in so many of the single-use containers that we use everyday, including foam cups and to-go containers, SOLO cups and plastic lids. For more information, go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov. The facilities have since closed but, when operational, manufactured boats using styrene-containing materials. To further explore the relationship between work-related styrene exposure and cancer, NIOSH investigators compared styrene exposures to cancer deaths among 5,201 former workers in two boat-building facilities in Washington State. "Frankly, we do not agree with the science," he said. Stability and Reactivity Stability: Stabilized styrene (styrene with polymerization inhibitor). Styrene is upgraded from possibly carcinogenic to probably carcinogenic for humans, and … Styrene is a colorless, flammable liquid, which has a sweet odor and is highly volatile. o It is a known lab animal carcinogen and a … “Safer and more sustainable alternatives already exist -- it’s time to ban polystyrene containers.”. ©2020 Verizon Media. Styrene is on the Proposition 65 list because it can cause cancer. Although co-exposure to butadiene is a concern in the styrene-butadiene industry, the find- Formaldehyde, Styrene Cancer Warning Toxicology: Government listing triggers outcry, applause by Britt E. Erickson , June 20, 2011 | APPEARED IN VOLUME 89, ISSUE 25 ADVERTISEMENT. Styrene is widely used to make plastics and rubber, which are used to manufacture a variety of products, such as insulation, pipes, automobile parts, printing cartridges, food containers, and carpet backing. California coffee lovers can indulge their caffeine habit without worry now that the state has decided the beverage doesn’t need a cancer warning after all. Copyright 2011 Thomson Reuters. Still, the risks for Mitchell are even higher because he smokes, and styrene is in cigarette filters. "We would like sound science to prevail, and that's why we're requesting the government to immediately review that finding.". "Is it dangerous? In the interim, Mitchell and thousands of others who work with styrene are left wondering whether the substance is safe. Visit the website of U.S. PIRG Education Fund, our sister 501(c)(3) organization. "The NTP doesn't provide any health benefit by raising concerns where other people have not found any," said Jack Snyder, executive director of the industry-funded trade group Styrene Information Research Center. I understand the need for the warning labels on products, but there has to be a better measuring stick than the "more than one excess case of cancer out of 100,000 people over a period of 70 years". Sure, yeah. P ag e 6 of 9 MSDS -STYRENE 10. "My wife worries more about me climbing under a 50-ton boat we have up on slings," Mitchell said. 1994, Kolstad et al. NTP further affirms, regarding human studies , that: ‘The limited evidence for the carcinogenicity of styrene in humans is based on studies of workers exposed to styrene that showed increased mortality from or incidence of cancer of the lymphohematopoietic system and (2) increased levels of DNA adducts and genetic damage in lymphocytes from exposed workers. The fight shows no signs of slowing down. Exposure to styrene may increase the risk of cancer. U.S. PIRG is part of The Public Interest Network, which operates and supports organizations committed to a shared vision of a better world and a strategic approach to social change. 1994). Last week the NTP won the first round when a federal judge said he would not grant the trade group's request for an injunction that would have revoked the styrene report. This Product can expose you to styrene, a chemical known to the State of Califomia to cause cancer. Warning: This product can expose you to chemicals including styrene, which is known to the State of California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm. WARNING: This product can expose you to chemicals including Styrene, which are known to the state of California to cause cancer or birth defects or other reproductive harm. Styrene Listed Effective April 22, 2016 as Known to the State of California to Cause Cancer Proposed Amendment to Section 25705, Specific Regulatory Levels Posing No Significant Risk: Styrene Notice of Amendment to Section 25705, No Significant Risk Level for Styrene Air: Styrene is quickly broken down in the air, usually within 1-2 days. styrene-butadiene workers (Delzell et al. Styrene plastic forks are safe to use, the report says, without specifying, for instance, the risk of them shattering into small pieces that children could ingest. Proposition 65 requires businesses to determine if they must provide a warning about exposure to listed chemicals. In addition to being a probable carcinogen, many single-use plastic products made from polystyrene are also wasteful and unnecessary. "All the chemicals we use concern me," Mitchell said. Your year-end gift will help tackle single-use plastic, eliminate dangerous pesticides, and take on other important issues. Styrene, a chemical found in many consumer products, should at least be listed as a “reasonably anticipated” human carcinogen in the federal “Report on Carcinogens,” the National Research Council says in a new report. Now that WHO has shown that this stuff is a probable carcinogen, it's time to get it off the shelves and out of our homes," said Kara Cook-Schultz, Toxics Director for U.S. PIRG Education Fund. Businesses have until April 22, 2017 to comply with the ‘clear and reasonable warning’ requirements. Duffy Mitchell has cut fiberglass, slathered epoxy resin and twisted rubber hoses at his boat repair shop here on the Chesapeake Bay for more than a dozen years. He faces a heightened risk of cancer because of his exposure to styrene, a chemical found in each of those products and in dozens of other consumer items, according to a U.S. government report. Both sides are due back with the judge later this month. California’s Proposition 65, also called the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act, first became law in the state in 1986. Health Effects and Regulation of Styrene (CASRN 100-42-5) (also known as vinylbenzene, ethenylbenzene, cinnamene, or phenylethylene) o Styrene is the monomer used to make polystyrene and expanded polystyrene packaging. "She doesn't want me crushed.". Styrene isn’t known to leach out of hard plastics, but some evidence suggests that it can leach out of foam food containers and cups when food or drinks are hot – not when they’re cold. That is beyond extreme and just plain silly. UNITED STATES PUBLIC INTEREST RESEARCH GROUP. Styrene found in plastic products is linked with leukemia and nasal cancer risk, revealed research Aarhus University, Denmark. Starbucks and other coffee companies in California should have to post warnings because the brew may contain an ingredient that's been linked to cancer, a … WARNING: This product can expose you to BPA and Styrene, which is on the list of substances known by the state of California to cause cancer, birth defects or reproductive harm. Your donation supports U.S. PIRG’s work to stand up for consumers on the issues that matter, especially when powerful interests are blocking progress. Last month's health warning from the Department of Health and Human Services' National Toxicology Program has set off a bruising battle with the makers of styrene, a chemical compound derived from crude oil. World Health Organization finds increased cancer risk for chemical found in plastics, floating masses of plastic debris in the ocean twice the size of Texas. But now an impartial working group has upgraded the warning. “Nothing we use for five minutes should threaten public health and persist in the environment for hundreds of years,” concluded Truelove. National Toxicology Program scientists said last month that they believe styrene metabolizes when it comes in contact with the human body, bonding with oxygen to form styrene oxide, a chemical that has the ability to alter DNA and cause cancer. Water and soil: Styrene evaporates from shallow soils and surface water. Coffee cancer warning 01:32. 100-42-5) to the list of chemicals known to the state to cause cancer for purposes of the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (Proposition 65 [1] ). Last month's health warning from the Department of Health and Human Services' National Toxicology Program has set off a bruising battle with the makers of styrene, a chemical compound derived from … He faces a heightened risk of cancer because of his exposure to styrene, a chemical found in each of those products and in dozens of other consumer items, according to a U.S. government report. Government scientists effectively have seen just enough evidence to posit a link between styrene and cancer, but not enough for ironclad proof. to cause cancer. But the findings are littered with caveats that are now fodder for industry lawyers hoping to get the NTP to recant the report. After years of debate and evidence collection, the World Health Organization (WHO) has just reclassified styrene from being a “possible carcinogen” to a “probable carcinogen.” Styrene is a chemical building block of polystyrene, the plastic material used to make styrofoam and many other plastic products. 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