Despite being the 5th largest disease burden at a global level (and with within the top three across many countries), detailed data is often lacking. A decline in physical health can have major impacts on life capabilities by affecting an individual’s mobility and freedom. The charts here present global data on the prevalence and disease burden of bipolar disorder. Bulimia was more common: around 79 percent had bulimia nervosa. 1). Available online. When citing this entry, please also cite the underlying data sources. Further information can be found here. There is limited infrastructure for mental health treatment and care in the Gambia. Improving awareness, recognition, support and treatment for this range of disorders should therefore be an essential focus for global health. Exposure to substance use is not only an important risk factor for other mental health disorders, but also linked to poorer educational outcomes, more risky sexual behaviour and increased exposure to violence and conflict. (2012). Figures presented in this entry should be taken as estimates of mental health disorder prevalence — they do not reflect diagnosis data (which would provide the global perspective on diagnosis, rather than actual prevalence differences), but are imputed from a combination of medical, epidemiological data, surveys and meta-regression modelling where raw data is unavailable. The Lancet, 378: 1325-1338. All visualizations, data, and code produced by Our World in Data are completely open access under the Creative Commons BY license. Clicking on a given disorder will take you to the relevant section for further data and information. The odds-ratio measures the likelihood of a positive response from the antidepressant relative to the placebo (where a value of 2.0 indicates the antidepressant was twice as likely as the placebo). Peer pressure, and media influences also become more prominent over these years. A study by Ferrari et al. (1992). Direct deaths can also result from alcohol and substance use disorders; these are covered in our entry on Substance Use. It is also important to keep in mind that the uncertainty of the data on mental health is generally high so we should be cautious about interpreting changes over time and differences between countries. In this entry we present the latest estimates of mental health disorder prevalence and the associated disease burden. Three of the top five states are in the Northeast, with the addition of Hawaii and Utah. For example, the Center for Diseases Control (CDC) in the United States provides information and estimates on combined depression and anxiety disorders, treating anxiety as a subset of depression. Child and adolescent mental health worldwide: evidence for action. The majority of data presented in this entry is based on estimates from the IHME’s Global Burden of Disease (GBD). A breakdown of the number of people with depression by world region can be seen here and a country by country view on a world map is here.In all countries the median estimate for the prevalence of depression is higher for women than for men. (An apparent exception is the persistence of vaginal bleeds in anorexic women who are receiving replacement hormonal therapy, most commonly taken as a contraceptive pill.) 2018 [cited 2019 Sep 6]. 4 Quetelet’s body-mass index = weight (kg) to be used for age 16 or more – 139 – Prepubertal patients may show failure to make the expected weight gain during the period of growth; (b) The weight loss is self-induced by avoidance of “fattening foods”. “Anorexia nervosa is a disorder exemplified by deliberate weight loss, and associated with undernutrition of varying severity. being able to control the weather, or being in communication with aliens from another world); (e) persistent hallucinations in any modality, when accompanied either by fleeting or half-formed delusions without clear affective content, or by persistent over-valued ideas, or when occurring every day for weeks or months on end; (f) breaks or interpolations in the train of thought, resulting in incoherence or irrelevant speech, or neologisms; (g) catatonic behaviour, such as excitement, posturing, or waxy flexibility, negativism, mutism, and stupor; (h) “negative” symptoms such as marked apathy, paucity of speech, and blunting or incongruity of emotional responses, usually resulting in social withdrawal and lowering of social performance; it must be clear that these are not due to depression or to neuroleptic medication; (i) a significant and consistent change in the overall quality of some aspects of personal behaviour, manifest as loss of interest, aimlessness, idleness, a self-absorbed attitude, and social withdrawal.”. 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